Published: 07/03/2011 | Modified: 06/06/2014, 11:35 am

Health insurance: cases of information/assistance provided regarding health insurance
Pension rights: cases of information/assistance provided to a researcher regarding pension rights according to national systems and EC rules
Unemployment: cases of information/assistance provided to a researcher regarding unemployment rights according to national systems

Services regarding social security issues, provided by the ESCs, belong to the core EURAXESS services despite the fact that this topic is rather broad and requires a certain level of expertise that can only be offered by staff that has at least basic training.

The social insurance system comprises several different types of insurance, including health insurance, pensions, accident insurance and unemployment coverage. The responsibilities for providing benefits in different areas may be divided among several institutions, such as the Social Insurance Agency, the National Labour Office, the Ministry of Social Affairs, the Ministry of Health and private health insurance companies.

This type of service is often included in the list of services provided by BHOs, ESCs and, in some cases, even by LoCPs (see Austria 10, Czech Republic 4, Italy 1, Lithuania 1, Portugal 3).

Some countries have decided to develop different checklists to help researchers entering the host country (see Estonia 7, Poland 6).

Clearly it is crucial to establish a good working relationship with relevant authorities and cooperate with them when specific advice to researchers in this area is needed. These authorities and institutions on the national and local levels are naturally included among the target groups of BHOs, ESCs and LoCPS (see Czech Republic 4, Poland 1).

This cooperation with public bodies and authorities can result in influencing legal regulations to improve researchers’ environment (see Poland 4).

There are also cases when ESCs can act on behalf of a researcher, once they are able to establish contact with the authorities based on trust and mutual interest (see Portugal 2).

ESCs staff often provides personal assistance to researchers, escorting them to different institutions (see Croatia 5, Poland 12, Spain 3).

Cooperation with authorities can be pursued in different formats. Some of the most popular are workshops, seminars and trainings, bringing together all involved parties (see Poland 9).

In-depth advice is provided in cooperation with relevant institutions responsible for particular areas, sometimes in the form of individual assistance and consultancy, especially in complex issues such as pension rights (see Germany 4).

It is also important for the EURAXESS network to be in contact with other networks that deal with this topic (see Estonia 5).

Some members of the EURAXESS Services Network have either employed lawyers or rely on external legal expertise (see Germany 4).