Serbia National Experiences

Published: 19/07/2011 | Modified: 08/04/2014, 2:18 pm

Contact details of the institution hosting the BHO


Mechanical Engineering Faculty, University of Niš

Address: Aleksandra Medvedeva 14, 18000 Niš
Phone:+381 18 500 662
URL web site:
URL national EURAXESS portal:

Bridgehead Organisation

The BHO is hosted by the Mechanical Engineering Faculty at the University of Niš.

EURAXESS Services Centres

There are five ESCs in Serbia.

Local Contact Points

There are 51 LoCPs in Serbia.

Structure of the national network

The network consists of one BHO, five ESCs and 51 LoCPs.

Each one of the ESCs has a geographical territory of jurisdiction and carries out all the listed activities in contact with the researchers. In addition, with the aim of building up the necessary conditions and infrastructure for a national mobility network, the ESCs are responsible for developing a network of LoCPs at universities and other research institutions in their territory of jurisdiction. Some of them have specific roles, such as the following:

  • University of Belgrade: Office for international and inter-university cooperation. The specific role of this ESC is to create a unique welcome office for the initial contact with incoming researchers, giving advice, assistance and all the necessary basic information.
  • University of Kragujevac: Office for international and inter-university cooperation.
  • University of Novi Sad: Office for international cooperation. The specific role of this ESC is to obtain and publish data about available opportunities in order to increase outgoing mobility.
  • University of Niš: Office for international cooperation. The specific role of this ESC is to obtain and publish data about available opportunities in order to increase intersectoral mobility.
  • Faculty of Information Technology: As the only private institution in the national mobility network, it has a special assignment—to research the conditions for increasing incoming and outgoing mobility at private universities and other research institutions.

Each ESC is connected with associated LoCPs.

  • Full-time equivalent staff:
  • Number of persons:
  • BHO: 2
  • BHO: 8
  • ESC: 5
  • ESC: 10
  • LoCP: 5
  • LoCP: 51

Declaration of Commitment (DoC)

All institutions in the network have signed the DoC.

National funding of the EURAXESS Services Network

Until September 2011, EURAXESS activities are funded by the EC (as part of the SER-MORE project—Development of Serbian Network of Mobility Centres, grant 225076).
After September 2011, funding will be provided by the Ministry of Education and Science and by universities.

Target groups of the Bridgehead Organisation

  • authorities
  • university management

Target groups of the EURAXESS Services Centres

  • researchers
  • faculty management

Target groups of the Local Contact Points

  • researchers

Relationship and communication between the BHO, the Steering Group for Human Resources and Mobility for Researchers (SG HRM), the National Contact Points (NCPs) and the Programme Committee

The Serbian BHO is one of two representatives of Serbia in the SG HRM and is also a member of the People Programme Committee. The second member of the People Programme Committee is the NCP for the People Programme.

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1. A better site with LinkChecker

Published: 10/05/2011 | Modified: 06/05/2014, 1:41 pm

In order to achieve quality in the national EURAXESS portal, the Serbian EURAXESS team at The Faculty of Mechanical Engineering in Nis has developed LinkChecker, a program that checks websites for broken links. The program was written in Java and works as a stand-alone application.

For the program to run, Java (version 1.5 or later) has to be installed on the client’s computer. Java can be downloaded free from and installed on the computer where the testing will be done.

LinkChecker tests all the web pages that can be reached from the initial address entered by the user. For internal web pages, located within the same site, the content (all links on those pages) is also checked. If there are external web pages, the program checks if those pages exist, but does not load their content.

The program is very easy to use. The user only needs to enter the home address of the site that is going to be tested (for example When testing is finished, a report is generated as an html file. The report includes facts about the number of internal and external links checked, broken links, and the pages where those links are located. This enables the administrator to find those links easily and fix them.

Testing sites with a huge number of internal links may take some time, so you should be patient while using the program; sometimes testing may take an hour. If the site is extremely large, it can occur that the program is unable to test the whole site due to lack of memory.

When using the program, one has to pay attention to how one enters the home address. If the site that is being tested is in a subfolder, then one should enter the whole address (with the subfolder) in order not to test the parts of the site which are not needed; this will avoid the memory problems mentioned above.

When we applied the program to the Serbian EURAXESS portal in June 2010, it detected 26 broken links, of which 14 were internal and 12 external. The data in the report file enabled the portal administrator to easily find and fix the broken links. We applied the same procedure a month later and found the two new broken links; in this case, they were links to external sites that had since been deleted. With regular monthly checks, we have achieved a higher quality for our site, leading to greater satisfaction among our users.

The following screen shot shows the total number of tested internal and external links, and the number of broken links.

The following screen shot shows part of the site test report.

2. Effective use of web services

Published: 10/05/2011 | Modified: 06/05/2014, 1:41 pm

At the end of February 2009, the European Commission made web services available for linking national portals to the EURAXESS Jobs database. Although these web services were functional and reliable, it appeared that significant effort was needed to implement the appropriate client for enabling the distributed use of information. In the period of April-June 2009, the SER-MORE (Serbian EURAXESS portal) team developed a solution that made this possible to implement in our portal.

The solution was designed to enable its implementation in basic hosting conditions—without any need for programming tasks or using a programming platform—while also making it possible to customize the search tools, the design of data display and its structure. The end result was code that is easy to install, even in static, HTML-only driven websites, and yet configurable to meet any needs.

This code was ported by Reggiani (a subcontractor dealing with the European portal maintenance) to meet the specific requirements of European EURAXESS portal hosting and will be shared with all national EURAXESS portal administrators. The installed customized solution was tested successfully on 4 November 2009.

3. Use of Google Maps to locate ESCs and LoCPs

Published: 10/05/2011 | Modified: 06/05/2014, 1:41 pm

Google Maps will be used to enable mobile researchers to locate the nearest ESCs or LoCPs when searching for vacancies, and thus make the process of job inquiry more efficient. This practice is based on experiences in using web 2.0 technologies for integrating relevant information with geodata. It will be implemented by March 2011.

Fulfillment of this goal involves the following activities:

  • developing a EURAXESS Google map, with pinned locations of each ESC in Europe;

  • using Google Maps API functions in job search procedures (Javascript thin client) to locate the nearest ESC.

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1. General information

Published: 15/12/2014 | Modified: 15/12/2014, 9:43 pm

  • Institute for Social Insurance (ISI) is in charge in Serbia for social security: pension and disability insurance, health insurance and unemployment insurance. Insurance is mandatory by law for all employees. The employer is obliged to pay to the insurance funds amount proportional to the salary for each employee.
  • Native Ph.D. students can apply for medical insurance as unemployed citizens.

2. Foreign employee

Published: 15/12/2014 | Modified: 15/12/2014, 9:44 pm

  • Employees enjoy full social security coverage
  • In general researchers with temporary employment contracts at a Serbian institution enjoy the same entitlements as employees with fixed contacts. Third country citizens must reside legally.

3. Foreign researcher without contract

Published: 15/12/2014 | Modified: 15/12/2014, 9:44 pm

  • Researchers with own means have no social security coverage, except for health coverage for Only researchers from countries with bilateral Social Security agreements
  • A lump sum can also be given at the time of birth

4. Foreign student

Published: 15/12/2014 | Modified: 15/12/2014, 9:46 pm

  • Ph.D. candidates are not employed and are not covered by social security
  • Ph.D. candidates must bring their own insurance
  • Candidates from countries with bilateral social security agreements can get health coverage

5. Comments on benefits

Published: 15/12/2014 | Modified: 15/12/2014, 9:47 pm

All employed citizens


Health coverage – Yes, covers what they have paid for doctor, hospital, and medications. It gives free admission. Most of medications are free of charge.

Sickness leaves benefit – yes, for all

Unemployment benefit – Yes, for all

Parental benefit – Yes, for all

Disability pension -yes

Old-age pension – Yes, for man after 65 and for women after 60 years

Supplementary pension rights – Yes, through private supplementary pension institution

6. Eager to learn more?

Published: 19/12/2014 | Modified: 09/01/2015, 1:54 pm

If you would like more information then download the complete table from here