As policy makers for R&D, it is very important for you to understand human resource issues related to researchers and the factors that help promote mobility as well as those that act as barriers for its progress. In addition, access to front-line research results requires recruiting and collaborating with world-class researchers. To recruit, educate and retain front-line researchers in a global competitive labour market, research careers in Europe must be highly attractive. National fragmentation and barriers to transnational mobility must be countered. Therefore, as policy makers the challenges for interdisciplinary, intersectorial and geographical mobility must be facilitated to foster research excellence through international collaboration and ‘brain circulation’ within an open European Research and Innovation Area and at a global level.
The ERA Steering Group for Human Resources and Mobility (SG HRM) is responsible for the follow-up of the European Commission policy communication ‘Better careers and more mobility – a European Partnership for Researchers (EPR)’. The SG HRM is made up of Member State representatives and consists of one ministry representative and one expert from each of the 35 countries, with the European Commission acting as secretary. The SG HRM reports to the ERAC (The European Research Area Committee), a strategic policy advisory body whose function is to assist the European Commission and the Council of the European Union in performing the tasks incumbent on these Institutions in the area of research and technological development.
The EURAXESS network (http://ec.europa.eu/euraxess/) is an instrument for implementing initiatives under the SG HRM. As such, our network builds human links between the R&D policy makers and the researchers. We provide solutions to the problems related to their respective interests. We also monitor the implementation of policy issues with a collection of good practices and experiences, and aid in transposing European policies to national policy contexts.
This is our Euraxess Web Handbook which serves as a guide to the services and work we do related to research mobility. As a policy maker we think it is important for you to understand our work and how we do it.
The main policy documents from the EU addressing careers in research include the following:
- EU Recomm Researchers Charter & Code of Conduct (2005)
- EC Council Directive 2005/71/EC of 12 Oct 2005 on the Scientific Visa
- EU Green Paper 040407: Commission Paper
Green Paper follow-up as part of the Ljubljana process (2008):
- EU Expert Group Report: Realising a single labour market for researchers& EU COM(2008)317 final 230508 ‘Better careers… partnership for researchers’
- EU Competitive Council 29-300508 on “Family-friendly scientific careers”
- EU Competitive Council 260908 “Better careers… partnership for researchers”
- EURAXESS Jobs, Services, Rights, Links
- EU ‘HR Strategy for Researchers… Charter & Code’ 2008
- The European Research Area Partnership 2008 initiatives (2009)
- Preparing Europe for a New Renaissance. A Strategic View of the European Research Area. European Research Area Board (ERAB) 2009
- Europe 2020 Strategy
- Europe 2020 Flagship Initiative – Innovation Union