Upon examining the models of how the EURAXESS networks are managed at the national level, we find a highly consistent pattern.
Most participating countries are organised with one or a few BHOs, several ESCs and a higher number of LoCPs. This is considered the standard model. Interestingly enough, several of the BHOs also act as ESCs, providing services directly to researchers and their families while also carrying out policy initiatives. A few countries have skipped the ESC level and operate with BHOs and LoCPs only, while others have adopted a model with a BHO and ESCs only, skipping the LoCP level.
The pattern is far more varied in terms of where the BHO is hosted at the national level. Approximately half of the BHOs are hosted by organisations within the research sector. The remaining half are located in organisations within the educational sector. Few have reported problems with the organisation, as networks with relevant stakeholders seem to work well.
Most of the staff works part time on EURAXESS. This is interpreted as a positive trend, based on the assumption that the remaining tasks are activities related to and complementing EURAXESS initiatives.
Most of the BHOs, ESCs and LoCPs have signed the Declaration of Commitment or alternative documents with a similar content.
An analysis of the target groups for the BHOs, ESCs and LoCPs shows that for all three, the researchers and their families are the main target group. This is followed by administrative staff at the host institution and closely followed thereafter by ‘authorities’ on the national and local levels. Therefore, the common denominator appears to be the individual researcher and his or her family.
Target groups such as the national ministries, the EC, research organisations, funding agencies, and national networks require a more specialised approach. Often these organisations are only contacted by the BHO.
|Country||BHO||ESC||LoCP||Location of BHO|
|Austria||2||2 (both are also BHOs)||32||Research funding organisation and agency for international mobility & cooperation|
|Belgium||3||9||8||Federal Science Policy offic|
|Bulgaria||1||4 (one is also a BHO)||2||University|
|Croatia||1||1||8||Agency for Mobility and EU Programmes|
|Cyprus||1||1||0||Research promotion foundation|
|Czech Republic||1||2 (one is also a BHO)||7||Public research organisation|
|Estonia||2||6||0||Foundation and academy of science|
|Finland||1||0||0||Research funding organisation|
|France||1||24||6||Rectors conference (association)|
|Hungary||1||2 (one is also a BHO)||10||Foundation|
|Latvia||1||1||0||Public research institute|
|Lithuania||1||0||5||Centre for Quality Assessment in Higher Education|
|Montenegro||1||1 (also a BHO)||3||University|
|Netherlands||3||3 (two are also BHO)||0||Independent non-government body|
|Norway||1||1 (also a BHO)||32||Research funding organisation|
|Poland||1||10||0||Academy of Science|
|Portugal||1||11||7||Research funding organisation|
|Romania||1||8||2||Public body belonging to the Ministry|
|Serbia||1||5||51||Faculty at a university|
|Slovakia||1||2 (one is also a BHO)||300||Independent non-government body|
|Spain||1||17||37||Foundation dependent on the Ministry|
|United Kingdom||1||0||8||British Council (cultural relation organisation)|
Example of a national model with two BHOs, two ESCs and 32 LoCPs. It is also interesting to note the clear division of responsibilities among the BHOs, ESCs and LoCPs.
Example of a national model with three BHOs and three ESCs. Two of the ESCs are also BHOs.
Example of a national model with one combined BHO/ESC and 32 LoCPs.